HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF WEST NILE SUB-REGION
West Nile sub- region (previously known as West Nile province and West Nile district) is a region in North Western Uganda. The sub-region received its name from being located on the Western side of the White Nile.
West Nile Historical and Cultural Sites
Saliamusala (Tripartiate point) Heritage-Historical:
Political landscape showing the border point of Uganda, Congo and South Sudan created in 1914 after Belgium rule of Congo and then West Nile region being transferred to British Colonial rule. It signifies a historical land mark of three sovereign states meeting at a point.
Miria Adoa Falls
Its all season natural fresh water falls over segmented rocks .
Wadelai- Emin Pashas’ Fort Heritage-Historical:
Located 47 Kilometres from Pakwach Town, along the River Nile bank. Wadelai-Emin Pashas’ fort is a ruin of a military camp established by Sir. Edward Schnitzer (Emin Pasha) aimed to stop Slave Trade and mutiny of 1885 Mahdist revolt in Equatorial province. The main historic remains are the earthen ditches, observation mounds, ruins of Egyptian type red burnt bricks and steamer docking site. In the pre-colonial era, Northern Uganda and Southern Sudan areas. suffered slave trade activities from the Arab traders. To encounter this inhuman suffering, many military forts among others were established by explorers such as Charles Gordon, Sir Samuel Baker and Emin Pasha. The various forts in northern Uganda were Patiko 1872, Dufile 1880, Wadelai 1885 and Magungo established by Dr Eduard Schnitzer ( Emin Pasha).
Wangalei- Puvugu site Heritage-Traditional:
Located at Pakwach bridge is the point where Nyipiri and Labong separated in 1450 AD. Ovugu was the elderly brother of the two. Labongo’s son swallowed the bead of Nyipiri. However, Nyipiri asked to open the stomach of the Labong’s son in order to get the bead. Labong’s spear got lost from Nyipiri which he had borrowed to kill an elephant. In revenge, Labong demanded for the replacement of the spear and also killed Labongo’s son. At this point Labong moved across River Nile to Parapong in Acholi land while Nyipiri remained as the ancestral father of the Alur and Jonam.
Alur Kingdom Palace:
Just 2 km from Nebbi town towards Paidha town. The Kingdom Palace of the Alur where King Rwot Olarker Phillip Rawune was coronated on 30th October 2010 for Alur Kingdom.
Amuru Hot springs Heritage-Natural:
Located at the confluence of Lake Albert and Albert Nile at Panyimuru landing site are the hot water springs that have significant healing powers. 20 kilometers from Pakwach town.
Ancestoral Home of Idi Amin Dada Heritage-Historical:
The ancestral village where Idi Amin Dada, was born within Congo Uganda border in Koboko. The village home reflects the journey of Idi Amin and his ancestors.
Sultans Burial place and grave of Amin Dada:
Grave yard of the former chiefs of Kakwa called Sultans and the father of Idi Amin Dada also buried at the cemetery of the Sultans.
Adomila crater lake Heritage-Natural site:
Crater lake located in Ludara, Koboko district measuring about 0.5Km by 70 meters permanently at middle of surrounding low rigged hills. The only known crater lake in northern Uganda.